However, the name is derived from the central symbol, Khanda, a special type of double-edged sword which confirms the Sikhs' belief in One God.
The double-edged sword is the creative power of God which controls the destiny of the whole creation. It is sovereign power over life and death.
The right edge of the double-edged sword symbolizes freedom and authority governed by moral and spiritual values.
The left edge of the double-edged sword symbolizes divine justice which chastises and punishes the wicked oppressors.
On the left side is the sword of spiritual sovereignty, Piri; on the right side is the sword of political sovereignty, Miri.
The two-edged sword at the centre of the Khanda also symbolises disintegration of false pride and vanity and demolition of the barriers of caste and other inequalities. The AMRIT which is used at the time of BAPTISM is stirred with the Khanda. The original Khanda with which Guru GOBIND SINGH stirred the baptismal waters on March 30, A.D. 1699 is now preserved at Anandpur.
The Chakra being a circle without a beginning or an end exhorts the Sikhs to make the whole creation as the object of their compassion and activities. It signifies the symbol of Ek Om Kar, the Oneness of God, who is without beginning or end. The circle signifies oneness, unity, justice, humanity and morality. The Chakra was also used as a weapon against injustice and oppression.
The two Kirpans (swords) flanking the Chakra represent the two swords of Guru HARGOBIND signifying the spiritual and temporal leadership of Gurus. Apart from giving it symmetry, the two Kirpans impart a conceptual balance to the Khanda like the Yin and Yang of ancient Chinese philosophy. The left side signifies the sword of spiritual sovereignty or Piri. The right sword signifies the sword of political sovereignty, Miri.
There must always be a balance between the two and this balance is emphasized by a inside circle. The circle is what is called the Chakra. This is a symbol of all-embracing divine manifestation including everything and wanting nothing, without beginning or end, neither first or last, timeless, and absolute. It is the symbol of oneness, unity, justice, humanity and morality. The Chakra was also used by the Sikhs as one of the war weapons against injustice and oppression. Almost all Sikh warriors used to wear it in the eighteenth century.