The border district of Firozepur touches Pakistan border on the north, Faridkot and Moga districts at the east and Muktsar district at south sides. On the north- east, Satluj river separates it from Kapurthala district and on the south-west, Ganganagar district of Rajasthan touches it. The total geographical area of the district is 5303 sq. kms out of which 3258.78 sq.. kms fall under Bet area and 196.
63 sq. kms fall under border area. The topography of the district is even. It is plain of alluvial formation. The district is divided into three main belts running somewhat parallel to the course of Satluj river. The belt area of the district is called “Hithar“ having alluvial dark and gray clay. On the south east side, Rohi and Mukhi plains have light and sandy soil and brackish water. The district has chestnut brown and desert soil. The district has five tehsils namely Ferozepur, Fazilka, Abohar, Zira and Jalalabad. Having total population of 17,46,107 the rural- urban percentage of the district is 74.19 and 25.81 respectively. There are ten development blocks in district; these are Abohar, Khuian Sarwar, Fazilka, Jalalabad, Guru Harsahai, Firozepur, Mamdot, Ghal Khurd, Zira, and Makhu. The district has total 1033 villages.
Gurdaspur district is the northern most district of state of Punjab and lies between north latitude 31- 36’ and 32 – 34’ and east longitude 74 - 24’ and shares common boundaries with Kathua district of Jammu & Kashmir. Chamba and Kangra districts of Himachal in the north- east, Hoshiarpur district
in the south- east, Kapurthala district in the south, Amritsar district in the south west and Pakistan in the north- west. The landscape of Gurdaspur district has varied topography comprising the hilly tract and Annexure-VI 1 undulating plan. The soils of the district are loamy with clay content below 10 percent. They contain small quantities of lime but magnesia content is high. The soil of the district is quite alluvial and fertile. The district is divided into three parts by nature, i.e. sub- mountainous, kandi and plain. The district has five tehsils namely Gurdaspur,Pathankot, Batala, Dera Baba Nanak and Dhar Kalan. There are total 1463 inhabited villages. The district has sixteen blocks namely Gurdaspur, Kalanaur, Dhariwal, Kahnuwan, Dinanagar, Pathankot, Dhar Kalan, Narot Jaimal Singh, Bamial, Batala, Fatehgarh Churian and Dera Baba Nanak, Sri Hargobindpur
, Qadian, Sujanpur and Dorangla. The total population of the district is 21,04,011. The scheduled castes population in the district is 24.75 percent. The district has 1591 panchayats, 1552 primary, 255 middle, and 373 higher secondary schools. The total length of road network in district is 3956 km.
The district of Amritsar is situated in north- western part of the state, the district touches the international border in the north- west, in the north- east, the district of Gurdaspur, in the south- east, the district of Kapurthala and in the south- west the districts of Tarn Taran. The district is divided into four tehsils namely Amritsar-I, Amritsar-II, Ajnala and Baba Bakala. It has total 8 blocks,viz. Ajnala, Chogawan, Harsha Chinna, Jandiala,
Majitha, Rayya, Tarsika and Verka. The undivided district had an area of 5088 squ. kms.
The newly carved out district, Tarn Taran, from Amritsar district,, has 493 revenue villages. The undivided district had a population of 21,52,182, out of which 48.80 percent was rural and 51.20 urban. Out of total rural population, 34 percent population is scheduled caste.